|VAT is paid by each producer or distributor who handles the goods before they reach the final consumer, who is usually a member of the public. It is called value-added tax, because tax is paid at every stage where value is added to the product.
When a business is registered for VAT, they are referred to as VAT Vendors. As a registered vendor, you are required to:
When does your business register for VAT?
There are two registration options available to prospective vendors:
Once your business has exceeded R50,000 turnover in a 12 month period, it can register voluntarily. This will typically be new businesses that just started their operations. To be placed on vendor lists, preferred suppliers lists and to tender for many contracts nowadays, you have to be VAT registered. Although not exceeding the compulsory threshold below, these businesses would have to apply for VAT registrations to be able to conduct business. Please note that once you are registered as a vendor, you cannot charge and claim VAT at your own discretion. All your standard sales from this point forward, would have to include 14% VAT charged on top of the sale value of your goods or services.
If the total turnover (the total of all the sales, without subtracting the costs) of a business is more than R1 000 000 (R1 million) per year, then the business must be registered as a vendor. You would be deemed to be liable for registration at the point in time where you could reasonably foresee that the threshold will be exceeded, although a full 12 month period may have not lapsed yet.
If the business is a sole trader or a partnership, the owners must register in their own names. Please note that in our opinion it is ill advised to register for VAT in your own names!
If the business is a CC or a company, the owners must register in the name of the business.
Who pays VAT?
All businesses registered as vendors have to pay VAT on goods or services that they have invoiced customers. This is called paying VAT on the invoice basis, i.e. the business is liable to pay over the VAT to SARS even if the customer has not yet paid. This could cause cash flow problems for the business, if your customers don’t pay you in time.
What are your obligations?
SARS will issue the business with a Vat registration number that requires the business to charge 14% VAT on all goods or services the business sells. This 14% VAT will always be added on top of the normal selling price of your goods and/or services.
The business is then required to collect all these 14%’s over a 2 month period, deduct any input VAT from any qualifying expenses you may have incurred, and disclose that on a bi-monthly return to SARS.
The net VAT from the above mentioned calculation will have to be paid over to SARS, on or before the last business day of every second month.
14% VAT output charged on all your sales = R2,000.00
Less: 14% input VAT claimed on qualifying expenses = (R1,000.00)
Amount payable to SARS = R1,000.00
What should your paperwork look like?
Vendors must give their customers a VAT invoice, to charge them for the goods or services. The invoice must have the following written on it:
Remember to check that the VAT invoices you receive from other businesses also pass these tests. If an invoice does not have all this information on it, you will not be able to claim the VAT back.
Do you need to keep any records?
Businesses registered for VAT must keep records, which show how much VAT they have collected. Even after the business has closed, the business must keep the records for 5 years. These are examples of records that must be kept:
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